Ideas for Rising Ti Vegetation Outside

Wanting so as to add to the tropical vibes of your panorama? With a Hawaiian ti plant or two, you’ll undoubtedly have the ability to pull it off.

With its fantastically lush, colourful leaves, and upright stature, Cordyline fruticosa has the products for attracting and holding the gaze of onlookers, particularly for many who have by no means seen it earlier than. Not that an eyeful of those unhealthy boys ever will get outdated, after all.

A vertical shot of a dark purple to black ti plant, with green and white text superimposed over the top and bottom of the image.

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Whether or not you’re new to rising a tropical panorama or a seasoned professional, caring for Hawaiian ti crops outdoor undoubtedly requires some specialised information. However when you’ve bought it down, they’re fairly simple to take care of.

This information has all the knowledge that an out of doors ti plant mother or father must hit the bottom working, so to talk.

From beginning them off to maintaining them wholesome, you’ll have all the required particulars to start out rising ti crops in your backyard. And imagine me: you’ll wish to.

Right here’s what we’ll cowl:

Let’s start, lets?

Ti Vegetation 101

A member of the tropical Cordyline genus alongside 23 different woody-stemmed and broadleaf evergreens, C. fruticosa is hardy in Zones 10 to 12, and originates from maritime Southeast Asia, north Australia, and west Oceania.

Introducing the species elsewhere has precipitated it to naturalize into the remainder of Oceania, in addition to into Central and South America.

A horizontal, aerial shot of green- and purple-leaved ti plants growing outdoors.

Usually reaching a peak of 10 ft and an expansion of 5 ft when grown outdoor, C. fruticosa options skinny, lanceolate leaves, every with a size of 1 to 2 ft and a width of about 4 inches.

Set on two- to six-inch-long petioles, the leaves usually begin out purple to crimson, could mature to deep inexperienced or stay colourful, and are organized spirally across the stem.

The lowermost leaves drop with age and depart leaf scars, whereas the portion of stem beneath the leaves matures right into a woody tissue.

Beneath the soil line, a rhizomatous root system retains the aboveground shoot tissue anchored, quenched, and fed.

A horizontal image of a multitude of green- and rusty-leaved Hawaiian ti plants growing adjacent to each other.

Come spring- or summertime, clusters of little star-shaped flowers bloom in hues of white, pale yellow, pink, or lavender. If these flowers are pollinated, then they’ll later give method to small crimson, yellow, or inexperienced berries.

From root to shoot, the whole plant accommodates poisonous saponins, which family pets shouldn’t be allowed to devour, lest they undergo from hypersalivation, bloody stool and vomit, despair, and anorexia.

In case your cat or canine does occur to devour C. fruticosa, then it’s best to shortly take them to the vet or name poison management.

A horizontal close-up image of cluster of red ti plant leaves.

A former member of the Dracaena genus, Hawaiian ti crops are additionally recognized colloquially nearly as good luck crops, cabbage palms, and palm lilies, in addition to merely “Ki” – that final one comes from the Hawaiian tongue.

Talking of, Hawaiians have discovered many non secular, culinary, constructional, and ornamental makes use of for ti crops, a lot of that are nonetheless in style immediately.

The leaves are utilized in floral preparations, and the whole specimen is solely attractive, whether or not they’re outdoors or indoors.

If you wish to discover ways to domesticate your personal Hawaiian ti plant indoors, try our information.

Selection Choice

Earlier than you dive in too deep, it’s essential to select the precise number of C. fruticosa on your decorative wants.

To your Hawaiian ti to change into a part of a cohesive and efficient panorama design, then there are a lot of colour elements to think about, equivalent to gentle vs. darkish hues, monochromatic vs. multicolored.

To fulfill your decorative wants, there are tons of various cultivars to select from.

For darkish choices with black, crimson, and different darkish, brooding colours, attempt ‘Pele’s Flame,’ ‘Kilauea,’ or ‘Graveyard Pink.’

‘Florica’ is improbable as properly, with deep burgundy foliage accented in cream, inexperienced, and pink.

A square image of a red 'Florica' ti plant and some adjacent tender perennials in an outdoor planting bed, all in front of a white-walled ranch house.


You could find ‘Florica’ out there in a three-gallon pot or a two- to three-feet tall specimen prepared for transplanting from

On the lookout for specimens that rock brighter shades of crimson? Go for ‘Pink Sister,’ ‘Maui Magnificence,’ or ‘Floozie.’

A horizontal image of bright red Hawaiian ti plants growing from tall, skinny stalks in a line among leafy perennials and taller trees in an outdoor parking lot.
‘Pink Sister.’

Oranges and yellows tickle your fancy? Look into ‘Haole Woman,’ ‘Bob Alonzo,’ and ‘Lau Kea.’

Need to stick nearer to a extra normal inexperienced? Hedge your bets on ‘Kahuna,’ ‘La’i,’ and ‘Beautiful Hula Fingers.’

After all, there are a lot of varieties with a mix of a number of colours that defy normal colour palettes.

A horizontal overhead image of the red-, green-, and cream-colored 'Kiwi' ti plant variety, sitting on a metal grate above a cement floor.
C. fruticosa ‘Kiwi.’ Photograph by David J. Stang, Wikimedia Commons, by way of CC BY-SA.

‘Amabilis’ has lustrous inexperienced leaves speckled with rose and white, the inexperienced leaves of ‘Baptisii’ have pink and yellow stripes, and ‘Kiwi’ has cream, pink, and inexperienced foliage.

Should you’re jonesing for a multicolored specimen, go together with the inexperienced, yellow-striped, and pink-tinged ‘Rising Solar’ cultivar, out there in six-inch or three-gallon sizes from

A square image of the red-tinged green leaves of Cordyline fruticosa 'Rising Sun' growing outdoors.

‘Rising Solar’

Add variations in peak and measurement to the combo, and also you’ve bought a smorgasbord of potential choices to select from.

To do some extra searching, attempt visiting tropical plant nurseries, looking out on-line distributors, or leafing by way of botanical catalogs.

Placement Ideas

It’s essential to think about how and the place you’ll place your Hawaiian ti crops within the panorama.

A horizontal image of a line of red ti plants growing in a natural outdoor landscape.

A single C. fruticosa can look improbable as a solitary specimen or as an accent to different tropical flora.

A small grouping of them might add colourful curiosity to a nook of your backyard, whereas a mass of them can create a vivid backdrop for different, smaller species of various hues.

Hawaiian ti crops may also be used to boost an in any other case conspicuous hardscape function.

A line of them in opposition to the muse of your own home can masks a boring construction with a murals, whereas a tall C. fruticosa can disguise a light-weight or fence publish behind some pretty leaves.

A horizontal image of a colony of purple-leaved ti plants growing out of grassy outdoor ground.

Your outside ti crops aren’t confined to in-ground backyard soil – they may also be grown in containers.

Whereas in-ground specimens have decrease irrigation necessities, containerized C. fruticosa are extra simply movable, which turns out to be useful in case your backyard isn’t heat sufficient for a ti plant all year-round.

Plus, you may gown them up in a swanky pot and use them to brighten up patios, entrance methods, and the like.

Propagation Protocols

A handful of propagation strategies equivalent to cane cuttings and air layering are already lined in our indoor ti plant information, so let’s go over some which can be extra appropriate for outside specimens.

Seed Sowing

Since sexual replica inherently leads to genetic range, rising from seed can depart you with offspring that change a bit from the mother or father.

Whereas that is suboptimal for producing completely an identical specimens, it may be enjoyable for the yard grower. And who is aware of, a seed might find yourself yielding a very cool mutation!

To gather seeds, you’ll want a C. fruticosa that has already yielded fruits. Alternatively, you might purchase seeds from a seedsman from late summer season by way of early winter.

A horizontal image of a cluster of red berries, with green leaves in the fuzzy background.

For DIY assortment, it’s best to begin to preserve your eyes peeled for crimson, yellow, or inexperienced berries as soon as the flowers present up in spring and summer season.

When the berries seem, you’ll want to attend till they’re ripe earlier than harvesting them. Search for a slight softness upon squeezing, in addition to shiny, vibrant colour.

To reap, gently pluck the berries from the stem. From right here, you may both sow them complete, or gently mash up the pulp by hand for faster germination. However don’t attempt to sow particular person seeds – at 16 tiny seeds per berry, they’re fairly troublesome to deal with.

A horizontal image of the black berries of a ti plant in front of a blurry outdoor backdrop.

Fill a seed tray with a 50:50 mixture of peat moss (or coconut coir) and vermiculite.

Whether or not complete or mashed, the berries needs to be sown 1 / 4 of an inch beneath the floor of the rising medium, spaced at the very least an inch aside.

Moisten the media and preserve the seeds indoors at a minimal of 65°F and a humidity of 40 p.c, all of the whereas uncovered to shiny, oblique gentle.

Preserve the media moist because the seeds germinate. If sown recent, the seeds ought to germinate in two to 6 weeks. Because the seedlings begin to compete for area, skinny out the smallest, weakest-looking ones.

A vertical close-up shot of an outdoor ti plant with red berry cluster and leaves.

When the seedlings are two to 3 inches tall and develop robust root programs – which ought to take a few months – pot them on into their very own particular person four-inch containers, stuffed with an identical media.

Preserve them indoors and preserve even moisture till the next spring – if relevant, wait till all danger of frost has handed. At that time, it’s best to harden them off outdoors earlier than transplanting.

To do that, depart the seedlings outdoors in full solar to partial shade for 30 to 60 minutes earlier than bringing them again inside. Every following day, add 30 to 60 extra minutes of out of doors publicity till they’re in a position to spend a full day outdoor.

Now, they’re able to transplant!


This methodology works while you’ve bought a ti plant with a number of stems developing from the bottom.

If a specimen has outgrown its house, then dividing it kills two birds with one stone: extra crops and extra space!

A horizontal image of green-leaved Hawaiian ti plants growing from a cement planter submerged in outdoor turf.

Choose a healthy-looking, multi-stemmed C. fruticosa in spring and dig it out of the bottom or gently take away it from its pot.

Brush the soil off the roots and use a pointy, sterile blade to chop the foundation system and separate the plant, leaving a number of stems per division.

Now, your entire divisions might be transplanted!


Earlier than you go and put together transplant websites in early spring – after the frost-free date, in case your space has frost – it’s essential to determine whether or not you’ll put your ti crops within the floor or in a container.

Both approach, be sure that the transplants can have partial shade to full solar publicity.

For in-ground transplants, put together websites with well-draining, fertile soil that has a pH of 5.5 to six.5. Be certain that every web site is spaced at the very least 18 to 24 inches aside.

A vertical image of Ti plant (cordyline fruticosa) for sale on a white surface in natural sunlight outdoors.

Put together pots by filling them with a 50:50 mixture of both peat moss or coconut coir and vermiculite.

Select pots which can be about an inch or two wider than the transplants’ root programs, and don’t neglect to select pots with drainage holes.

After you have your websites ready, dig holes huge and deep sufficient to suit the foundation programs.

Raise the transplants from their unique containers, decrease them into their new properties, then backfill. Moisten the encompassing soil, and also you’re finished!

Development Necessities

Now that your ti crops are properly settled in, it’s time to maintain them wholesome and comfortable.

Only a fast reminder: for optimum progress, C. fruticosa wants partial shade to full solar publicity, together with temperatures of 65 to 95°F.

To develop them outdoor year-round, your backyard should be in USDA Zones 10 to 12. In any other case, you’ll need to carry them inside from the chilly every time temperatures dip beneath 30°F. 

A horizontal image of dark red ti plants growing outdoors next to grass and palm leaves.

Ti crops received’t perish on the slightest breeze or something, however they’ll undoubtedly do higher with some wind safety. A line of dense bushes or shrubs equivalent to arborvitae can present a stable windbreak.

When it comes to soil, each drainage and water retention are tremendous essential, together with a pH of 5.5 to six.5.

Excessive natural matter can be optimum – don’t neglect to amend your backyard beds yearly with a few inches of compost, well-rotted manure, or another type of humus!

For container-grown C. fruticosa, do that Tropical Potting Combine from Miracle Gro, out there in two six-quart packs from Amazon

Miracle-Gro Tropical Potting Combine

Within the absence of rain, remember to water every time the highest inch or two of soil feels dry to the contact and use fluoride-free water every time potential.

Moreover, including a balanced fertilizer to the soil – as soon as in spring, as soon as once more in summer season – will assist preserve your Hawaiian ti crops fed and flourishing.

In case your soil is of course wealthy and fertile, you might not even want fertilizer.

Osmocote Fertilizer

Want fertilizer? This granular, slow-release 14-14-14 fertilizer from Osmocote ought to do the trick. It’s out there in numerous sizes from Amazon.

Upkeep Ideas

As leaves flip yellow, die, or are broken, they need to be promptly pruned.

Pruning may also be used to maintain a specimen’s measurement down, if mandatory. If you wish to rejuvenate the specimen a bit for elevated vitality, reduce it right down to a peak of six inches earlier than the flush of latest progress in spring.

A horizontal closeup image of deep pink Ti plant leaves in a sunny outdoor garden.

Container-grown ti crops needs to be repotted every time their root system lacks that further inch or two of wiggle room.

In case your outside ti crops are positioned in an space that’s colder than USDA Hardiness Zone 10, then be ready to carry your specimens inside and look after them every time temperatures are predicted to dip beneath 30°F.

Pest and Illness Administration

In case your Hawaiian ti crops are to thrive outdoor for the lengthy haul, you’ll must preserve them protected from pests and pathogens… or at the very least handle them every time they present up.

In these cliched “hacking-through-a-tropical-rainforest-with-a-machete” scenes in journey films, the protagonists are by no means not surrounded by a swarm of bugs. And the creepy-crawlies that aren’t swarming our heroes are crawling on any little bit of flora they’ll discover.

All of this to say: pests love the new and moist circumstances that ti crops want.

Whiteflies, mealybugs, scale, thrips, spider mites, fungus gnats, and aphids can all infest C. fruticosa.

Leaf chlorosis, foliar distortion, and sooty mould are just some signs that may outcome from pest infestation, to not point out the illness transmission and structural harm that may outcome from the feeding itself.

Sturdy sprays of water or guide scrape-offs can bodily take away pests from leaves and stems, whereas purposes of insecticidal cleaning soap or horticultural oil can suffocate and kill them.

If extra management is important, then there are many systemic pesticides like permethrins and spinosad out there so that you can wage battle.

A vertical image of Monterey's ready-to-use horticultural oil in front of a white background.

Monterey Horticultural Oil

Should you want horticultural oil, Monterey presents their OMRI-listed, ready-to-spray product in numerous volumes at Arbico Organics

A vertical image of Bonide's multi-purpose insecticidal soap in a white and gold bottle, all in front of a white background.

Bonide Insecticidal Cleaning soap

As well as, yow will discover Bonide multi-purpose insecticidal cleaning soap at Arbico Organics, as properly.

As a rule of thumb, the more healthy the specimen, the much less vulnerable it’s to an infestation. So the higher you take care of your specimens, the much less probably that bugs will come alongside and have a area day.

Similar goes for pathogens, too. If a C. fruticosa is already sickly from poor cultivation, then it’s all too simple for an precise illness to take maintain.

Along with offering the correct care, it’s best to keep away from each overwatering and overhead watering – extra moisture on the leaves promotes pathogen progress, and soggy soils can suffocate the roots.

However regardless of all of your efforts, illness can nonetheless present up, sadly.

Varied bacterial and fungal leaf spot illnesses will manifest with the eponymous recognizing, whereas root rots trigger deterioration each above and beneath the soil line. Within the case of a extreme an infection, crops can perish.

Whatever the illness, it’s best to reply promptly by eradicating symptomatic leaves, and when you discover the powdery spores of Fusarium rots or the slimy-looking signs of Erwinia leaf and stem rot, discard contaminated specimens fully.

Fungicide purposes can shield close by wholesome specimens, in addition to forestall an infection in vulnerable areas from the get-go.

It’s Ti Time!

And similar to a mouth-watering cup of chai, a well-placed C. fruticosa can actually hit the spot.

A horizontal shot of a colony of dark purple, pink, and green ti plants growing outdoors.

Whether or not you add a mass of Hawaiian ti crops or only one to your panorama, you’re positive to be happy with the outcome. However be forewarned: relating to a phenomenal ti plant, moderation is dang close to unimaginable.

Inquisitive about a side of out of doors C. fruticosa care that I could have missed? Have expertise of your personal to share? The feedback part is for you.

And for extra details about tropical foliage crops, try these guides subsequent:

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